EIA publishes updated wood, biomass waste SEDS data

By Erin Voegele | June 01, 2015

On May 29, the U.S. Energy Information Administration updated the wood and biomass waste data associated with its State Energy Data System, which is the source of the EIA’s comprehensive state energy statistics. The new statistics pertain to 2013 consumption levels.

According to the updated data, the U.S. residential sector consumed 29 million cords of wood in 2013, equating to approximately 580 trillion Btu. California was the top residential consumer of wood, with nearly 1.15 million cords of wood, or 42.9 trillion Btu, consumed. Missouri consumed more than 1.5 million cords of wood, or 30.1 trillion Btu, followed by Pennsylvania with 1.39 million cords, or 27.7 trillion Btu; Ohio with 1.22 million cords, or 24.4 trillion Btu; and Wisconsin with 1.72 million cords, or 23.4 trillion Btu. The residential sectors of New York, Michigan, West Virginia, and Washington also each consumed more than 1 million cords of wood in 2013.

The U.S. commercial sector consumed 117.2 trillion Btu of wood and biomass waste in 2013, with the industrial sector consuming 1,499.1 trillion Btu, and the electric power sector consuming 469.6 trillion Btu.

California was the top consumer of wood and biomass waste in the commercial sector in 2013, with 17.4 trillion Btu, followed by New York with 7.5 trillion Btu; Virginia with 7.4 trillion Btu, Michigan with 7.2 trillion Btu, and Pennsylvania with 5.4 trillion Btu.

In the industrial sector, Georgia was the top consumer of wood and biomass waste, with 168.6 trillion Btu. Alabama, Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina round out the top five industrial consumers of wood and biomass waste, with respective consumption levels of 159.8 trillion Btu, 118.3 trillion Btu, 101.7 trillion Btu, and 75.9 trillion Btu.

California was the top consumer of wood and biomass waste in the electric power sector in 2013, with 74.3 trillion Btu of consumption. Florida’s electric power sector consumed 51.3 trillion Btu of wood and waste biomass, followed by New York with 29.7 trillion Btu, Maine with 27.7 trillion Btu, and Pennsylvania with 27.5 trillion Btu.

Across all four sectors, including residential, commercial and electric power, the EIA indicates Georgia was the top consumer of wood and biomass waste in 2013, with 191.8 trillion Btu. Florida ranked second with 188.8 trillion Btu, followed by Alabama with 172.4 trillion Btu, California with 161.7 trillion Btu, and North Carolina with 113.9 trillion Btu. Maine, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, and Washington also consumed more than 100 trillion Btu of wood and waste biomass in 2013.

On a combined basis, across all four sectors, the U.S. as a whole consumed an estimated 2665.9 trillion Btu of wood and waste biomass in 2013.

The updated EIA data also addresses wood and waste biomass prices and expenditure estimates. The average cost of wood to the residential sector was $12.61 per million Btu across the U.S. in 2013, with prices in individual states ranging from a high of $16.72 to a low of $9.96.

In the commercial sector, prices for wood and biomass waste ranged from $16.72 to $1.61, with an average of $5.67 per million Btu. Prices in the industrial sector ranged from approximately $2.66 to $1.52, with an average price of $2.56 per million Btu. Prices in the electric power sector averaged only $2.24 per million Btu, with prices in individual states ranging from $2.83 to 61 cents.

Across all four sectors, the nationwide price for wood and biomass waste averaged $3.79 per million Btu, with a range of $15.14 to $1.92.

Residential expenditures on wood reached more than $3.07 billion in 2013, led by California with $302.1 million. Commercial expenditures for wood and biomass waste reached $439.3 million in 2013, led by California with $54.5 million. Expenditures in the industrial sector reached $3.27 billion, led by Georgia with $391.5 million. In the electric power sector, expenditures reached $1.05 billion, led by California with $166.8 million. Overall, the EIA reports nationwide expenditures on wood and waste biomass across all sectors reached $7.83 billion in 2013, led by California with $578.7 million.

Additional information on the updated data is available on the EIA website