Biome launches biobased chemicals research

By Biome Bioplastics | April 23, 2015

U.K. bioplastic manufacturer, Biome Bioplastics, has begun a major $4.5 million, three-year development program to progress successful biobased chemicals research through to industrial scale production. The project has the potential to significantly accelerate the global bioplastics market with the production of novel target materials, including a fully biobased polyester.

The aim is to harness industrial biotechnology techniques to produce bio-based chemicals from lignin at a scale suitable for industrial testing. Lignin is an abundant waste product of the pulp and paper industry. The availability of these chemicals could revolutionize the bioplastics market. For the first time, it would allow natural polymers to truly compete with oil-based polymers on both cost and functionality. The work could also contribute to a broader sustainable chemicals industry, with commercial applications including fragrances, coatings and personal care products.

Biome Bioplastics CEO Paul Mines said, “The ready availability of high value, sustainable chemicals from natural sources will be a game changer for the bioplastics market. Success in this work would allow us to competitively challenge the dominance of oil-based polymers. The technology we are developing is part of the growing adoption of bio-based processes that is likely to deliver radical changes across the materials industry.”

Scientists have been trying to valorize lignin for more than 30 years. Last year, Biome Bioplastics and the University of Warwick’s Centre for Industrial Biotechnology and Biorefining successfully demonstrated that bacterial degradation can be used to produce organic chemicals from lignin that are suitable for bioplastic manufacture. In groundbreaking research, the team proved that soil bacteria can be used to manipulate the breakdown pathway and that the process can be controlled and improved using synthetic biology.

Biome Bioplastics’ extensive development program will build on this proven science by increasing yields and scaling up the technology to demonstrate commercial viability and the potential for industrial volumes of production. Larger trials will be undertaken at the U.K.'s Centre for Process Innovation and demonstration quantities of chemicals will be converted into novel materials for evaluation among Biome Bioplastics’ existing customers.

In addition to converting lignin feedstocks, Biome Bioplastics will also be leading a one-year feasibility study with the University of Liverpool into the possibility of extracting similar organic chemicals from the cellulose portion of lignocellulose. This work is expected to broaden the possible raw materials that can be used in the manufacture of bioplastics to include waste streams such as agriculture. If successful, this work will be integrated into the ongoing development work towards industrial scale products.

Industrial biotechnology is widely recognized as a promising means of developing low carbon products and processes. The technology that Biome Bioplastics is developing has the potential to unlock a practical biorefinery approach to transforming the millions of metric tons of lignin feedstock that is produced every year into sustainable, high value chemicals.